Content of the issue 1(26)/2021

 

                     

Download The Historical Expertise № 1 (26) 2021

 IN THE ISSUE:

HISTORIAN’S TIME 


7 From the executive editor HISTORIAN’S TIME 

9 “Unfortunately, our politicians do not let the Dalai Lama in — they are afraid of the Chinese note of protest”. Interview with V. P. Androsov

Androsov Valery P. — Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, chief research fellow of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the RAS (Moscow)

Key words: ancient Indian philosophy, Buddhism, history and culture of Tibet, Dalai Lama, Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, E. M. Primakov.

Abstract. A well-known scholar of Buddhism, former director of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, introduces the reader to the circle of his intellectual interests.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2021-1-9-22 

 

23 “Back in Soviet times, it was necessary to develop in detail projects for the transition to democracy and a market economy”. Interview with A. P. Babyonishev

Babenyshev Alexander P. (pseudonym Sergey Maksudov) — sociologist, researcher at Harvad University (USA)

Key words: family memory, dissident movement in the USSR, A. D. Sakharov, emigration from the USSR, Russia in the early 1990s, population census in the USSR, population losses in the Civil and World War II, famine in 1921 in Russia, famine in 1932–1933 in the USSR, the Great Terror, deportation of the population, the methodology of historical and demographic research.

Abstract. A Russian and American historian, participant in the dissident movement in the USSR, author of many works on historical demography, talks about his life in the USSR and emigration and presents the results of his research on demographic processes in the USSR, population losses due to collectivization and the Great Patriotic War.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2021-1-23-43


44 “Russian State University of Humanities should look brilliant at the international level”. Interview with A. B. Bezborodov

Bezborodov Alexander B. — Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Rector of the Russian State University for the Humanities (Moscow)
Key words: family memory, Russian State University for the Humanities, higher history education in Russia, international relations of Russian higher education, unified state exam in history
Abstract. The Rector of the Russian State University for the Humanities talks about the urgent tasks of the development of his Institute, about its international relations.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2021-1-44-52


53 “You can get to know your own country better when you study other countries”. Interview with V. N. Garbuzov

Garbuzov Valery N. — Doctor of Historical Sciences, Director of the Institute of the USA and Canada of the RAS (Moscow)

Key words: American studies in Russia, American conservatism, internal political struggle in the United States, the electoral system in the United States, Russian-American relations.

Abstract. The Russian expert in the American Studies, director of the Institute of the USA and Canada of the Russian Academy of Sciences talks about his researches, expresses his opinion on the key problems of the modern development of the United States, US domestic and foreign policy, and Russian-American relations.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2021-1-53-70


71 “We must strive to ensure that disputes are based on facts, and not on fiction or on some interpretations that are not in the sources”. Interview with A. A. Gorsky

Gorsky Anton A. — Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of History of Russia before the beginning of the XIX century, Faculty of History of Moscow State University, Leading researcher of the IRH RAS (Moscow)

Key words: school of historians of Moscow University, Dmitry Donskoy, Ivan III, Ivan the Terrible, Golden Horde, medieval Moscow Russia, textbooks on history.

Abstract. A well-known historian, specialist in medieval Russia talks about teachers, about his participation in academic projects, shares his plans of new works, gives his assessments of key events and personalities in the history of medieval Russia.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2021-1-71-83


84 “There can be no alternative to globalization. But there may be an alternative to globalization governance models”. Interview with A. A. Gromyko

Gromyko Alexey A. — Doctor of Political Science, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Director of the Institute of Europe of the RAS (Moscow)

Key words: family memory, Russian school of British studies, contemporary history of Great Britain, European Union, Brexit, Russian studies of modern Europe.

Abstract. A historian and political expert, director of the Institute of Europe of the Russian Academy of Sciences expresses his view on the key problems of the development of Great Britain in a pan-European context, talks about the projects of the Institute headed by him.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2021-1-84-93


94 “The difference in views and political attitudes between Putin’s elite and the bulk of the population turned out to be negligible”. Interview with L. D. Gudkov

Gudkov Lev D. — Doctor of Philosophy, Director of the Yuri Levada Analytical Center (Levada Center) (Moscow)

Key words: family memory, corporate memory, applied sociology, Soviet people, public sentiments, historical consciousness, relations between society and power, self-organization of society, Levada Center.

Abstract. One of the leading Russian sociologists, the director of the Levada Center, Lev Gudkov, talks about his life and professional career, analyzes the evolution since the late 1980s of public attitudes of people who grew up in the Soviet era, reflects on the relationship between power and society in today’s Russia. Attention is also paid to the reflection in sociological surveys of the historical consciousness of Russians.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2021-1-94-114


115 “Our Russian colleagues are very open and want to cooperate not only with us, but also with foreign researchers”. Interview with Sandra Dahlke

Dahlke Sandra — Director of the German Historical Institute in Moscow

Key words: historical Russian studies and Soviet studies in Germany, German studies in Russia, German Historical Institute in Moscow.

Abstract. The German expert in Russian History, director of the German Historical Institute in Moscow, talks about both her own historical researches and the projects of the Institute headed by her.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2021-1-115-124


125 “We, historians, can do a lot to establish a dialogue between people”. Interview with S. V. Zhuravlev

Zhuravlev Sergey V. — Doctor of Historical Sciences, Deputy Director of the Institute of Russian History of the RAS (Moscow)

Key words: archival sources on Russian history of the Soviet period, history of industrialization in the USSR, social and socio-cultural history of Russia in modern times, the Soviet Union through the eyes of foreigners, Russia in the 1990s, Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences, international relations of Russian historians, historical exhibitions.

Abstract. A good specialist in the Soviet history shares the results of his research, talks about the projects of the Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the international cooperation of Russian historians.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2021-1-125-142


143 “At that moment I gave myself a vow: ‘If I stay alive until the end of this damned war, then I will never worry about trifles in my life’ ”. Interview with I. S. Kremer

Kremer Ilya S. (1922–2020) — Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor (Moscow)

Key words: family memory, Soviet youth in the 1930s, the Great Patriotic War, the era of late Stalinism, history of diplomacy

Abstract. Professor Ilya Semenovich Kremer (1922–2020), Germanist and historian of international relations, talks about his experiences in the XX-th century.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2021-1-143-159


160 “Democratic slogans very often give way to national”. Interview with K. V. Nikiforov

Nikiforov Konstantin V. — Doctor of Historical Sciences, Director of the Institute of Slavic Studies of the RAS (Moscow)

Key words: the Yeltsin era, the collapse of Yugoslavia, the Russian school of Slavic and Balkan studies, the history of the Yugoslavian peoples, reforms of the Academy of Sciences.

Abstract. The specialist in Slavic history, director of the Institute of Slavic Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, not only speaks about the current problems of the development of historical Slavic studies and Balkan studies in Russia, but also recalls the experience of working in the Russian Federation Presidential Administration in the 1990s.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2021-1-160-175


176 “I regret that in my youth I was not as curious as now”. Interview with D. V. Panchenko

Panchenko Dmitri V. — Ph.D, Saint Petersburg State University, Associate Professor; Higher School of Economics in Saint Petersburg, Associate Professor (St. Petersburg)

Key words: Leningrad University in the 1970s, informal intellectual movements in Leningrad in the 1980s, Russia in the 1990s, classical philology, the history of antiquity, astronomy and cosmology in the Ancient World, parallels in the development of the West and the East, international scientific and academic relations.

Abstract. A specialist in classical philology and the history of the ancient world talks about his life, intellectual communication with colleagues, reflects on the parallels in the development of ancient civilizations.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2021-1-176-193


194 “Today the average salary in Moscow is 70 thousand rubles, which means that the salary of researchers should be 140 thousand”. Interview with Yu.A. Petrov

Petrov Yu. A. — Doctor of Historical Sciences, Director of the Institute of Russian History of the RAS (Moscow)

Key words: family memory, Faculty of History of Moscow University, economic history of Russia, history of business and banking in Russia, the causes of the 1917 revolution in Russia, Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Abstract. A well-known specialist in the economic history of pre-revolutionary Russia, director of the Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences, talks about his path in historical researches, about teachers, participation in numerous academic projects, expresses his opinion on the key problems of the development of business and banking in Russia. The interview concerns also the most important current research projects of the Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Science.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2021-1-194-207


208 “It’s sad and painful for the story, which is manipulated in any way and so shamelessly”. Interview with P. M. Polyan

Polyan Pavel M. — doctor of geographical sciences, Director of the Mandelshtam center HSE, leading researcher at the Institute of Geography, RAS (Moscow)

Key words: prisoners of war of the World War II, migration, deportation, Holocaust, historical demography, politics of memory in modern Russia, archival research.

Abstract. The famous geographer, historian and philologist, on the basis of his many years of research, talks about the forced displacement of the population in the USSR and foreign Europe in the 20th century and their demographic implications. 

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2021-1-208-221

 

222 “A joyful mood reigned in Kronstadt. The whole city welcomed the overthrow of the Bolshevik regime”. Interview with L. G. Praisman

Praisman Leonid G. — historian, an expert on the history of the Jews in Russia, history of Russian revolutionary movement and the Civil war (Israel)

Key words: family memory, emigration to Israel, the study of Soviet history in Israel, the Dreyfus affair, political terror, the Civil War in Russia, the Kronstadt rebellion.

Abstract. The well-known historian from Israel, born in the USSR, talks about his life, shares the results of his historical research. 

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2021-1-222-238


239 “I got great pleasure from new knowledge”. Interview with L. P. Repina

Repina Lorina P. — Doctor of Historical Sciences, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Chief Researcher of the Institute of General History of the RAS, Head of the Department of Theory and History of Humanities of the RSUH (Moscow)

Key words: Moscow University, Institute of General History of the Russian Academy of Sciences, research on British history in Russia, British historiography, methodology of history, Russian research in the field of intellectual history, historical memory.

Abstract. Lorina Repina, known not only as a specialist in British history, but also as the founder and permanent leader of the Russian Society for Intellectual History, talks about her path to historical studies, projects in the field of studying intellectual history, and shares her creative ideas.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2021-1-239-258


259 “The invasion of ‘historical memory’ into the subject area of historical science was originally associated with the emerging social need to record group memories of
the second half of the 20th century”. Interview with I. M. Savelyeva

Savelyeva Irina M. — Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor at the Higher School of Economics (Moscow)

Key words: sociology of humanitarian knowledge, historical sociology, historical memory, Higher School of Economics in Moscow.

Abstract. A well-known specialist in the historical sociology and the sociology of humanitarian knowledge talks about her academic career, participation in research projects, presents the results of her research, sets out her vision of the problems of studying historical memory.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2021-1-259-271


272 “At the beginning of my work on television, I left history, and very far, but then I returned to it”. Interview with N. K. Svanidze

Svanidze Nikolay K. — TV-journalist, historian, Professor, Head of the Department of Journalism at the Mass Media Institute of the of the RSUH (Moscow)

Key words: family memory, Moscow University, American studies in the USSR, Russian television, popularization of historical knowledge.

Abstract. Famous journalist, TV person and initiator of TV projects popularizing history, Nikolay Svanidze talks about his life and his professional activities.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2021-1-272-283


284 “All professorial seminars at St. Petersburg University have been canceled. This is a depressing fact”. Interview with A. V. Sirenov

Sirenov Alexey V. — doctor of historical Sciences, professor, corresponding member of the RAS, St. Petersburg State University (St. Petersburg)

Key words: family memory, history of the Vladimir-Suzdal region, Russian traditions of restoration, St. Petersburg University, Book of Degrees (“Stepennaya kniga”), St. Petersburg historical school.

Abstract. The director of the St. Petersburg Institute of History of the Russian Academy of Sciences talks about himself, his teachers and academic projects, shares his own researches plans, outlines the program of activities of the institute headed by him.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2021-1-284-297


298 “The diligent introduction of semiotics in us pushed me towards positivism”. Interview with G. G. Superfin

Superfin Gabriel G. — philologist, member of the Human Rights Movement in the USSR (Moscow)

Key words: family memory, the years of the “thaw” in the USSR, the school of semiotics in Tartu, the dissident movement in the USSR, the persecution of dissent in the Soviet Union

Abstract. A philologist and historian-archivist, a participant in the dissident movement in the USSR, talks about his life, participation in human rights activities, persecution by the authorities, and emigration

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2021-1-298-316


317 “The First Tempest arrived in England with the squad of William the Conqueror”. Interview with Richard Tempest

Tempest Richard — Associate Professor, Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (USA)

Key words: family memory, the Soviet Union of the 1960s — 1980s through the eyes of foreigners, P.Ya. Chaadaev, A. I. Solzhenitsyn, Russian culture in a global context.

Abstract. An American expert in Slavic studies, Englishman by birth, author of well-known works on the history of Russian culture and social thought, recalls his childhood and adolescence spent with his parents in Moscow, reflects on the perception of Russia and Russian culture in the world. 

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2021-1-317-326


327 “I wanted to know how my relatives died”. Interview with A. M. Schneer

Schneer Aron I. — Ph. D., until 2018 — Senior Researcher at the Yad Vashem Hall of Names (Israel)

Key words: family memory, local memory, Soviet Latvia, history of Jews in Latvia, World War II, Holocaust, collaborationism, prisoners of war, state anti-Semitism, oral history.

Abstract. The well-known historian from Israel, researcher of the history of Soviet prisoners of war in Germany, as well as of the Holocaust, talks about the history of his family, about his life in the USSR, about the results of his historical research, touches upon some controversial issues of the history of World War II.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2021-1-327-345


346 “If a person is engaged in science, then he must strive for the increment of new knowledge and the acquisition of new meaning. If there is no expansion of our knowledge,
this is not science”. Interview with S. A. Ekshtut

Ekstut Semyon A. — Doctor of Philosophy, Leading Researcher at the Institute of General History of the RAS (Moscow)

Key words: family memory, Moscow University, Nathan Eidelman, history of Russia and Russian culture of the 19th — early 20th centuries, popularization of history, illustrated history books.

Abstract. The well-known historian of Russian culture and publicist Semyon Ekshtut talks about his life, shares the results of his historical discoveries and plans for new research.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2021-1-346-366


367 “By my nature as a writer, I am a storyteller, not an artist of words”. Interview with L. A. Yuzefovich

Yuzefovich Leonid A. — historian, Candidate of Historical Sciences, writer (Moscow)

Key words: historical prose, teaching history at school, civil war in Russia, history of the Urals, Siberia and Transbaikalia.

Abstract. The famous writer, a master of historical prose, talks about his life, about the origins of his interest in history, shares his reflections on historical themes and the plans for future works.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2021-1-367-379


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