Content of the issue 3(24)/2020

Global Memory

9 “Nationalism is a nineteenth-century response to twenty-first century challenges”. Interview with A. Erll

Astrid Erll — professor of Anglophone Literatures and Cultures at Goethe University Frankfurt, where she also directs the Frankfurt Memory Studies Platform (FMSP:

Key words: memory studies, three generations time span, remembering-imagining system, narratives of memory, implicit collective memory.

Abstract. In her interview Astrid Erll tells how she was involved in memory studies, how “remembering-imagining system” works, how memory narratives shape the future, how memory studies are able helping us overcome the groing nationalism in Europe and about her academic plans. 

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-9-13


14 ASTRID ERLL Memory worlds in times of Corona

Astrid Erll — professor of Anglophone Literatures and Cultures at Goethe University Frankfurt, where she also directs the Frankfurt Memory Studies Platform (FMSP:

Key words: COVID-19, pandemics and memory, rhythmanalysis, the Spanish Flu

Abstract. Astrid Erll. Memory worlds in times of Corona. This article addresses the complex temporal and global dynamics of the coronavirus pandemic. After considering some of the new social rhythms that have emerged in the wake of COVID-19 around the world, it turns to the role of collective memory before, during and after corona. The aim is to provide a basic grid for how the COVID-19 pandemic could be addressed using memory studies expertise and concepts such as premediation, memorability, memory (ab)use, national memory, colonial memory, racial stereotypes, the digital archive, generational memory, or Anthropocene time.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-14-34


35 John Paul II: “Communism, fascism and liberalism are the three faces of the ‘civilization of death’”. To the 100th anniversary of the birth of the Pope. Interview with V. V. Volobuev

Volobuev Vadim V. — candidate of historical sciences, senior researcher of the Institute of Slavic Studies, RAS (Moscow)

Key words: John Paul II, Poland, socialism, catholicism, Vatican.

Abstract. The interview is dedicated to the activities of John Paul II as a philosopher, priest and politician. A number of problems are touched upon both with the personality of the Pope and with the diverse phenomena of public life in Poland and in the world. The spiritual path of the pontiff is shown, the influence of Polish culture on him, his attitude to the realities of the People’s Republic of Poland and to the international situation in the second half of the 20th — early 21st centuries.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-35-58

National memory

59 I. I. BARINOV Beyond Russification: The Ulrich Family and the Russian Revolutionary Movement

Barinov Igor I.— candidat of science (History), Senior Researcher at the Institute of Slavic Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow)

Key words: the Baltic provinces, Russification, Russian revolution, Ulrich.

Abstract. The article analyzes the peculiarities of the relationship and mutual perception of the Baltic Germans and the Central government within the global context of the Russification policy of the late Russian Empire. Although the Baltic Germans were subjects of the Russian Tsar, they traditionally strove to maintain their internal corporate organization and autonomy. The perennial attempts to infiltrate the Baltic region with Russian-speaking government agents were doomed to failure because of a lack of understanding of local conditions and passive resistance of the Germans. When irrelevance of those measures became apparent, the government introduced a more formal, “instrumental” type of Russification, determined by the ideology to categorize the loyalty or probable disloyalty of every single person in the region on the basis of formal criteria, including the language of education and faith. At the same time, the local marginals, Orthodox Russian-speaking Germans, were favored over others. The imperial authorities imagined that such an “instrumental Russification” would eventually turn traditionally loyal Baltic Germans into “ideal subjects of the Tsar”. They obviously did not expect revolutionary ideas would get to the Baltic land along with Russian culture, and local Germans, for some reason expelled from the local community, will perceive them hiding behind the “instrumental Russification”. The typical example of such a process
is the case of the Ulrich family and its youngest member, future Stalinist General Vasily Ulrich.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-59-75

Actual problems of national memory of foreign countries

76 A. V. MIKHALEV Memory of the failed future, or The unfinished mission of community of “builders of socialism” in Asia

Mikhalev Alexey V. — ScD, director in Centre of political transformation studies in Buryat State University (Ulan-Ude)

Key words: memory, USSR, socialism, colonialism, hegemony, Inner Asia, nomads.

Abstract. The article analyzes a problem of legacy of Soviet presence in countries of Asia (on the example of Mongolia). The study focuses on collective memory of Soviet specialists who worked in this country as well as on ideas of builders of socialism about progress and socialism in “backward and oppressed” countries of Asia. These ideas about the future transformed significantly under influence of post-communist transformations experienced in the 1990s. Despite this, today it has acquired a nostalgic hue. The study relies on interviews, published
memories, on the segment of so-called “digital memories” on social networks.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-76-91 

92 A. GALUSHKA Protest against Churchill: words, deeds and myths. Eyewitness opinion

Halushka Andrij — independent historian (London)

Key words: Historical revisionism, Churchill, British Empire, imperialism, historical memory.

Abstract. The assessment of Winston Churchill’s personality caused heated debate both during his life and after his death. In the last year, attempts to overthrow this historical figure from the pedestal of British public memory have become particularly acute as part of ultra-left historical revisionism. This article was caused by this development. It briefly analyzes the most frequently encountered complaints against Churchill and proposes a comprehensive approach to assessing the more than half-century political path of this outstanding figure.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-92-100

The great Patriotic war in modern Russian memory

101 “We have a lot of people killed and missed in war, about whose fates we do not know. We should discover it, find this people — it is our duty, we should pay tribute to this memory”. Interview with Viktor I. Tumarkin.

Tumarkin Viktor I. — the employee of “ELAR” corporation, which is involved into digitization of archive documents; technical leader of projects OBD (combined data base) “Memorial”, “Podvig naroda” (Feat of nation), participant of project “Pamyat’ naroda” (Memory of nation) (Moscow)

Key words: archive, digitization, searching, war, causalities, prisoners of war, historical policy, Yuri Dmitriev case.

Abstract. The interview deals with the creation of digital archives, dedicated to wars and conflicts of the XX century — firs of all, WW2. It involves such problems as casualties’ records, determination of the fate of MIA’s and POW’s, finding of the burial places. Also Victor I. Tumarkin speaks about historical policy in contemporary Russia and “Yuri Dmitriev case”.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-101-115


116 “We cannot speak about some ‘accident’ or about guiltiness of abstract ‘war’ as such. The stirrers of mass mortality of Soviet prisoners of war are leaders of Nazi state, command of Wehrmacht, German officers in the field and all those who took part in ruthless exploitation of people”. Interview with Dmitri Stratievski

Stratievsky Dmitry V. — doctor of history, master of political science, researcher at the German historical Institute in Moscow (Berlin)

Key words: military history, WWII, prisoners of war.

Abstract. The interview deals with the fate of Soviet prisoners of war during WWII. It elucidates the historiography of this problem and touches a lot of debatable questions.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-116-130

131 K. V. SAK “Soap Factory” of Professor Spanner, or Цas there a soap made from human fat?

Sak Ksenia V. — candidate of historical sciences, leading researcher of Alexander Solzhenitsyn House of Russia Abroad (Moscow)

Key words: Holocaust, World War II, Nuremberg trials, crimes of Nazism, Rudolf Spanner.

Abstract. In 1946 the main counselor of justice of the USSR L. N. Smirnov presented at the Nuremberg trials a sample of soap from human fat found in the Danzig maceratory. Since the 1990s scholars of Holocaust actively deny the fact of making such a soap. They question the authenticity of the materials of the Soviet investigation and argue that this case was fabricated. However, the full range of materials of the Extraordinary State Commission on this issue, stored in the State Archive of the Russian Federation, has not yet been introduced into scientific use. The article analyzes a variety of investigative materials from the archive. As a result of their comparison the author concludes that a number of inaccuracies committed during the investigation do not allow to make a final conclusion about the reliability of the testimonies of witnesses and the validity of the charges brought at the Tribunal. This question requires additional identification of sources and their research.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-131-144

145 K. V. SAK, S. M. SOLOV’EV “Soap from human fat production” — one unpublished report of the Extraordinary State Commission

Sak Ksenia V. — candidate of historical sciences, leading researcher of Alexander Solzhenitsyn House of Russia Abroad (Moscow)

Solovyov Sergey M. — candidate of philosophy, chief specialist of the Russian state Academy of Sciences, leading researcher of the faculty of political science of the Lomonosov Moscow State University (Moscow)

Key words: The Extraordinary State Commission, soap from human fat, Nuremberg trial.

Abstract. A previously unknown draft report of the Extraordinary State Commission on the production of soap from human fat in the laboratory of prof. R. Spanner in Danzig is published in the article. The authors reveal the background to the creation of this document — from the investigation to the circulation of the draft resolution in various Soviet instances (Central Committee of Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Ministry of Foreign Affairs). The authors issue why the draft message was never published, and come to conclusion that there were two possible reasons. The first one was bureaucratic red tape and the second was the desire to strengthen the propaganda effect of this crime at the Nuremberg trials.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-145-155

Memory of the Soviet-Polish War

156 A. V. SHUBIN Between Russia and Poland: the buffer model of War communism in 1919

Shubin Aleksandr V. — doctor of historical sciences, chief researcher of the Institute of General history, RAS (Moscow)

Key words: revolution, Lithuania, Belarus, Litbel, Mickevicius, Zhilunovich, Ioffe, war communism, Soviet-Polish war.

Abstract. The article analyzes the development of the “buffer” Soviet republics organized in 1919 between Soviet Russia and Poland. Soviet Lithuania, Belarus and then Litbel existed on lands with mixed populations and unclear borders in the context of the revolution, Soviet-Polish, Soviet-Lithuanian and Polish-Lithuanian armed confrontations. Despite the foreign policy motives for creating a “buffer”, the policy of the new Soviet republics has acquired its own internal motives and features, including increased attention to national and cultural policy, weak administrative control of the center on the ground, and restrained repression.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-156-176


177 I. DUMINIKA Fighting epidemics in Bessarabia of the Tsarist period

Duminica Ivan — doctor of history, Institute of cultural heritage, Ministry of education, culture and research of the Republic of Moldova (Chisinau)

Key words: epidemics, plague, cholera, quarantine, Bessarabia.

Abstract. In the presented article, the author talks about the plague and cholera epidemics that raged in Bessarabia during the Tsarist period. Attention is paid to measures taken by local authorities to combat infectious diseases.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-177-183

184 M. V. BATSHEV Memory of cholera in 1830–1831 in Moscow in diaries,letters and memoirs

Batshev Maxim V. — researcher of the Department of documentation of heritage and information technologies of the D. S. Likhachev Russian research Institute for cultural and natural heritage (Moscow)

Trifonova Svetlana A. — research associate of the Archive of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow)

Key words: history of Russia of the XIX century, Historical memory, ego-documents, History of Moscow, Collective performances.

Abstract. The article shows the possibilities of ego-documents for the reconstruction of the memory mechanism of the first cholera epidemic in Moscow in 1830. The author’s reconstruction of two possible types of memory depending on the type of historical sources is presented: current or retrospective.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-184-201

202 D. A. LEVCHIK The methodology of history, plague, cholera, flu, COVID-19

Levchik Dmitry A. — doctor of historical Sciences (Moscow)

Key words: The methodology of history, plague, cholera, flu, COVID-19

Abstract: Features of studying the social consequences of pandemics in the history of mankind. Statement of research questions. This article raises the questions about methodology of studying the history of pandemics: what is the subject of research of historians in the study of pandemics; how adequate is the source base of the pandemics history; how adequate is the pandemics terminology for historical research, are the events that occurred after the pandemic its consequence.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-202-209

The world

210 T. M. FADEEVA Rev.: Strauss-Schom A. The shadow emperor. A biography of Napoleon III. St Martin press. N. Y., 2018. 597 р.

Fadeeva Tatyana M. — candidate of historical Sciences, leading researcher at the Institute of scientific information on social Sciences (INION), RAS (Moscow, Russia)

Key words: historical biography, new history of France, Napoleon I, Napoleon III, Bismarck, Franco-Prussian war, French colonialism.

Abstract. The latest biography of the French emperor Napoleon III, written by a well-known American historian, is reviewed.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-210-214

215 V. E. MOLODYAKOV Charles Maurras and “Action française” in the contemporary French historiography

Molodyakov Vasily E.— candidate of historical Sciences, doctor of philosophy (Ph. D), doctor of political science, Professor of the International Institute of Japanese culture of Takuseku University (Tokyo), leading researcher of the Institute of Oriental studies, RAS (Moscow — Tokyo)

Key words: Charles Maurras, Action française, French nationalism, the right in France, collaboration, Nazi occupation of France, Vichy regime.

Abstract. The review shows the reflection in contemporary French historiography of the activities of the right-wing French publicist Charles Maurras and the “Action française” movement he headed.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-215-223

224 S. A.TIKHANKINA Rev.: Edit Eva Eger. Vybor. O svobode i vnutrennei sile cheloveka. Moscow: OOO “Mann, Ivanov i Ferber’, 2019. 344 p.

Tikhankina Svetlana A. — candidate of philosophy, head of educational programs of the NPC “Holocaust”, analyst of the Center for the history of the Holocaust and genocides, RSUH (Moscow)

Key words: Auschwitz, concentration camp, prisoner, guilt, choice.

Abstract. The author emphasizes the value of the book not only for those who are interested in history, the fate of the prisoners of Auschwitz and other concentration camps, but also for people who find themselves in difficult life situations. How to find the strength to live in hell, what is the meaning of life, how to learn to live with the past?

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-224-226


The Russian Empire

227 M. I. PARFENYA From particular to general. Rev.: Novokhatko O. V. Rossiia. Chastnaia perepiska XVII veka. Moscow: Pamiatniki istoricheskoi mysli, 2018. 664 p.

Parfenya Maria I. — Intern-researcher at the Center for the History of Modern Russia, The National research University, “Higher School of Economics” (Moscow)

Key words: Private correspondence, literacy in Russia before Peter the Great, social history of Russia in the 17th century, historical source.

Abstract. The monograph paper on private correspondence in Russia in the 17th century is reviewed, which is viewed not only as a historical source, but also as a social phenomenon in the context of its era.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-227-235

236 M. SOROKA Rev.: Rossiia i slavianskii mir v voinakh i konfliktakh XIX–XXI vekov, nauchnyj redaktor A. Yu. Polunov.. Moscow: Modest Kolerov, 2018. 304 p.

Soroka Marina — doctor of philosophy (Canada)

Key words: Russian-Polish and Soviet-Polish relations, Russian-Turkish war of 1877–1878, Russian policy in the Balkans, World War I.

Abstract. A collection of articles is reviewed which concerns the difficult relationship between Russia and the Slavic world in the 19th–21st centuries.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-236-241

242 A. Yu. POLUNOV On the Discussion about the Collection of Essays “Russia and the Slavic World in the Wars and Conflicts of Nineteenth — Twenty First Century / ed. by A.Yu. Polunov. Moscow: Modest Kolerov, 2018”

Polunov Alexander Yu. — PhD in History (Doctor of Historical Sciences), Professor, Head, Department of Interethnic and Interconfessional Relations Management; School of Public Administration, Lomonosov Moscow State University (Moscow)

Key words: Russia, Slavic peoples, Balkans, inter-ethnic and inter-confessional relations, autocracy, religious tolerance, Polish question.

Abstract. The article deals with the M. Soroka’s review on the collection of essays entitled “Russia and the Slavic World in the Wars and Conflicts of Nineteenth — Twenty First Century” which touches on the key controversial issues of the relationship between Slavic peoples. The author points to the factual mistakes in the review and criticizes the reviewer’s notions of Russian autocracy, its role in the implementation of the social reforms and regulation of the inter-ethnic and inter-confessional relations in Russian empire. The reviewer’s assessments of the Polish rebellions of 1830–1831 and 1863–1864, Russian policy on the Balkans, and other issues are criticized as well.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-242-249

250 V. I. CVIRKUN «“It’s not at all indifferent for me what my descendants will say about me”. Rev.: Vorob’eva N. N. Fel’dmarshal Gurko. Ot Dunaia do Varshavy. Moscow: Veche, 2019. 316 p.

Tvircun Victor I.— doctor of historical sciences, doctor of pedagogical sciences, professor, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Moldova to the State of Qatar (Chisinau)

Key words: I. V. Gurko, Russian-Turkish war of 1877–1878, Alexander II, Alexander III, Kingdom of Poland.

Abstract. The biography of the outstanding Russian military commander and statesman of the last quarter of the XIX century Field Marshal Joseph Gurko is reviewed.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-250-255

256 I. N. SELIVANOV Rev.: Zhivotich A. Iugoslavsko-sovetskie voennye protivorechiia (1947–1957): iskusheniia soiuznichestva. Moscow: Politicheskaia entsiklopediia, 2019. 230 s.

Selivanov Igor N. — doctor of historical sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of General history, Kursk State University (Kursk)

Key words: USSR, Yugoslavia, military cooperation, Soviet-Yugoslav conflict of 1948, I. V. Stalin, J. Broz Tito, N. S. Khrushchev, Soviet politics in the Balkans.

Abstract. The monograph paper of a contemporary Serbian historian is reviewed, its subject — the Soviet-Yugoslav military cooperation both in the first post-war years, before the conflict of 1948, and at the first stage after the restoration of bilateral relations in the mid-1950s.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-256-261


262 A. A. TESLYA Missing alternatives to the Soviet Mainstream. Rev.: Krikh S. B. Drugaia istoriia: “Periferiinaia’ sovetskaia nauka o drevnosti. Moscow: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 2020. 320 p.

Teslya Andrei A. — PhD in Philosophy, Senior Research Fellow, Scientific Director Research Center for Russian Thought, Institute for Humanities, Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (Kaliningrad)

Key words: antiquity, Marxist historiography, Soviet historiography.

Abstract. The article discusses the main provisions of the monograph paper by S. B. Krikh about the “peripheral” Soviet history of the Ancient East and Antiquity. Particular attention is paid to identifying general trends and structural features of Soviet historiography as it took shape in the 1930s and lasted until the 1980s.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-262-266

267 M. A. POPOV, M. Yu. SHMATOV Law or ‘Order’ in J. V. Stalin’s era? Rev.: Syrykh V. M. Yuridicheskaya priroda stalinskogo terrora: po direktivam partii, no vopreki pravu [The Legal Nature of Stalinist Terror: per the Party’s Instructions but against the Law]. – M.: Yurlitinform, 2020 – 504 p.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-267-274

Discussion of the book by B. N. Mironov “Russian modernization and revolution” (St. Petersburg: D. M. Bulanin, 2019)

275 “God forbid you to live in an era of change”. Interview with B. N. Mironov

Popov Maksim A. — master student of Institute of Humanities, Novosibirsk State University

Shmatov Mikhail Yu. — master student of Institute of Humanities, Novosibirsk State University

Key words: V. M. Syrykh, USSR, law, constitutional studies, terror, interdisciplinary.

Abstract. The review includes the analysis of the main provisions and problematic issues of V. M. Syrykh’s monograph about the legal nature of the Stalinist terror — one of the most important and relevant issues for the study of the Soviet history. From the historical point of view, author’s (a professional researcher of law) formal legal methods of work with the sources of the epoch are considered and criticized in this article. The conclusion of our paper is about the significance of V. M. Syrykh’s work for the interdisciplinary study of variable historical processes; the empirical and methodological shortcomings and prospects of the research are indicated by authors.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-275-309

310 D. Ya. TRAVIN Boris Mironov’s modernization concept of the revolution

Travin Dmitry Ya. — PhD in Economics, Research Director of the Center for Modernization Research at the European University in Saint Petersburg

Key words: Imperial Russia, modernization, revolution, World War I, historical optimists and pessimists.

Abstract. D. Ya. Travin gives an assessment of the modernization concept of the revolution, notes its strengths and makes some comments. He agrees with B. N. Mironov that the Russian revolution was a by-product of successful modernization, that it was its success that created problems, and that the accelerated and in some cases premature implementation of reforms required great costs and sacrifices. According to the author, there are actually more cardinal differences between Imperial and Soviet modernization than B. N. Mironov thinks. He also doubts that an authoritarian management style can be optimal for achieving maximum labor efficiency and best ensuring the common good.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-310-318

319 I. V. POTKINA Russian modernization and revolution in the context of scientific discussions

Potkina Irina — Dr. Sci. in History, Associate Professor, Leading Researcher at the Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russia)

Key words: Russian modernization, revolution, economy, World War I, living standard, psychological image, working class, peasants, intellectuals.

Abstract. The article deals with the basic concept by the famous economic historian Boris Mironov, set out in the monograph “Russian Modernization
and Revolution”. The author has developed his own vision of historical development of the Russian Empire at the turn of the 20th c., and especially during 1914–1920s. He created an original, coherent, well-founded concept. The Mironov’s observations and conclusions rely on a wide and varied range of sources, including graphic one. The author also used a huge number of scientific works by Russian and foreign scientists. However, his extensive list did not include the fundamental monographs of the largest specialist in the field of financial and economic history of Russia Valery Bovykin. The Mironov’s concept would thus receive strong support and would expand its evidentiary base.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-319-328

329 A. B. LYARSKY Modernization in the Russian Empire: macro-processes in micro-action

Lyarsky Alexander B. — PhD in History, Associate Professor, Higher School of Printing and Media Technologies, Saint Petersburg State University of Industrial Technologies and Design (St. Petersburg, Russia)

Key words: Imperial Russia, revolution, educational strategies, student suicides, dangers of the modernization process, intergenerational conflict, demographic transformation, continuity of Imperial and Soviet modernization.

Abstract. The paper focuses on the influence of educational strategies typical of the late Imperial period on people’s behavior. A. B. Lyarsky supported B. N. Mironov’s conclusion about the contradictory and traumatic impact of modernization on society and people. He believes that modernization manifests itself not so much in the form of assimilation of ideas, but in the form of “unreflexed routine practices that gradually expand the scope of their impact, turning into the norm what was previously considered deviation. Therefore, in his opinion, the demographic modernization of Russia took place less consciously and more spontaneously, than is presented in the book; the level of culture did not have a significant impact on the exposure to propaganda; and PR did not play an important role in the revolutionary movement.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-329-342

343 L. M. ARTAMONOVA Demographic behavior as a mirror of imperial modernization

Artamonova Lyudmila M. — Dr. Sci. in History, Professor, Head of the Department. Department of History of the Fatherland of the Samara State Institute of Culture (Samara)

Key words: Russia at the beginning of the XX century, modernization, World War I, social assistance, family, marriage, demographic transition.

Abstract. Issues of family, marriage, and demographic behavior play an important role in Mironov’s concept of Russian modernization and revolution. At the same time, attention should be paid to the system of «charity of lower military ranks and their families» as an indicator of the growth of social security requirements, as a form of fixing changes in family relations in the legal field and in the collective consciousness, and as a practice of women’s social activity.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-343-351

352 V. A. SHKURATOV Revolution against modernization.Reading “Russian modernization and revolution” of B. Mironov

Shkuratov Vladimir A. — Dr. Sci. in Philosophy, Professor, PhD in Psychology, South Federal University (Rostov-on-Don)

Key words: B. N. Mironov, modernization, stages of modernization, revolution, proletariat, peasantry, stages of intellectual development according to J. Piaget, sympractic thinking.

Abstract. New B. N. Mironov’s book is a kind of epilogue to the previously published three-volume work “Russian Empire: from tradition to modernity”. The author talks about what happened after the fall of the Romanov monarchy. Although the reviewer’s direct professional interests include the issues of historical psychology touched upon in the second half of the monograph, the integrity of Mironov’s plan did not allow him to bypass the introductory parts of the work. The expanded interpretation of Russian modernization and what the author called the modernization concept of the revolution is analyzed. The reviewer notes that the chapter on the working class has the character of an antithesis to the provisions of Soviet historiography about the hegemon of the socialist revolution and comments on the use of Piaget’s scheme of stages of intellectual development in historical research. In the final chapter of the book, the author draws a portrait of an even more inert and atheoretical than the industrial proletariat, the rural majority of Russia. He continues to apply the stage-by-stage scheme of intelligence by J. Piaget, supplementing it with the idea of sympractic thinking. The reviewer makes his own adjustments to the interpretation of this concept. In conclusion, he appreciates the experiences in the creation of historical psychology and summarizes his understanding of the political and ideological orientation of the book.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-352-361

362 B. N. MIRONOV Etudes of historical optimism

Mironov Boris N. — Dr. Sci. in History, Professor, St. Petersburg State University (St. Petersburg)

Key words: Imperial Russia, modernization, revolution, World War I, historical optimists and pessimists.

Abstract. B. N. Mironov, author of the book “Rossiiskaia modernizatsiia i revoliutsiia” discussed at the round table of the journal “Istoricheskaia ekspertiza”, comments on the participants’ speeches, answers their questions, criticism and suggestions.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-362-376


377 D. V. PANCHENKO Max Weber Revisited

Panchenko Dmitri V. — Ph.D, Saint Petersburg State University, Associate Professor; Higher School of Economics in Saint Petersburg, Associate Professor (St. Petersburg)

Key words: Max Weber, classical civilization, agrarian history, protestant ethics.

Abstract. The influence and significance of Max Weber derive from his originality of formulating problems, his ability to bring into consideration the phenomena of all historical places and times, his excellent knowledge of both the subject matter he addressed and related scholarly literature. A great sociologist he was not, however, equally strong in respect to the virtues of a historian. His exposition frequently lacks elegance and clarity, his treatment of the chosen subject seems sometimes erratic, he shows no empathy to historical figures. Max Weber addressed most difficult problems, and he lived a rather short life. His legacy looks like a great undertaken left without completion.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-377-382


383 M. Yu. KOROBKO “The Russian capital is changing for better every day”. Rev.: Gnilorybov P. Moskva rastet. Moscow: B.S.G.-Press, 2019. 95 p.

Korobko Mikhail Yu. — historian, methodologist of the Central Library System (Moscow)

Key words: local history, graphomania, Moscow history.

Abstract. The review deals with the second work of Pavel Gnilorybov, which was published in the same publisher under the almost same name with financial support from the same Publishing Program of Moscow Government. The book is prefaced with an introduction signed by the Moscow Mayor and was printed with an announced fantastic circulation of 120,000 copies. It was distributed among primary schools’ pupils. The review demonstrates the worst mistakes among the many that book contains.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2020-3-383-393

394 Requirements for publication of articles and documents

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