Content of the issue 4(17)/2018

COLLECTIVE MEMORY

Global Memory

 

P. 11    “Memory is not a thing, it is not an object. Memory is an ongoing process”. Interview with J.K. Olick

Abstract. In the interview Jeffrey Olick tells about his family memory and why he is engaged in memory studies, what is the difference between the sociological and historical approaches towards memory, what is the essence of his concept „the figuration of memory”, why Germany is not a model case of „working through the past”, why the 'politics of regret' is a current growing trend, what are the obstacles for the United States to be a part of the 'politics of regret's leaders, what are the plans of Memory Studies Association, what are the publishing projects of professor Olick.

Key words: Jeffrey K. Olick, family memory, the figuration of memory, politics of regret, German national memory, „difficult past” of the United State, Memory Studies Association.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-11-21

 

P. 22     J.K. Olick. Collective Memory: The Two Cultures

Abstract. What is collective about collective memory? Two different concepts of collective memory compete - one refers to the aggregation of socially framed individual memories and one refers to collective phenomena sui generis - though the difference is rarely articulated in the literature. This article theorizes the differences and relations between individualist and collectivist understandings of collective memory. The former are open to psychological considerations, including neurological and cognitive factors, but neglect technologies of memory other than the brain and the ways in which cognitive and even neurological patterns are constituted in part by genuinely social processes. The latter emphasize the social and cultural patternings of public and personal memory, but neglect the ways in which those processes are constituted in part by psychological dynamics. This article advocates, through the example of traumatic events, a strategy of multidimensional rapprochement between individualist and collectivist approaches.

Key words: individual memory, collective memory, collected memory, political culture, trauma.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-22-49

 

The memory of Red May and the Prague spring

P. 50    “There is not only a memory, but a whole history of the memory of May 68”. Conversation of Patrice Maniglier with Evgeny Blinov about the commemorative practices and the heritage of May 68

Abstract. The conversation of Patrice Maniglier with Evgeny Blinov is focused on the analysis of commemorative practices related to the events of May 1968 in France. It addresses questions concerning the aims and the principles of organization of the student revolts and the subsequent general strike that led to the severe political crisis of the Fifth Republic. According to Maniglier, May ’68 was in many respects a prototype of contemporary political movements that refuse to proclaim the seizure of power as their primary goal and thus question the actuality of the modern notion of political representation as well as Marxist teaching about class struggle. For the French poststructuralists, such as Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, the crisis of May ’68 was a valuable source for the analysis of ongoing socio-political processes, helping them to formulate what is now known as the new philosophy of the event. To the technocrats who came to power after the end of the Cold War, the protests of May ’68 provided an opportunity to establish a theoretical basis for the global project of neo-liberalism.

Key words: May 68, student revolts, Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari, philosophy of event, theory of revolution, Bruno Latour, Michel de Certeau, Michel Foucault, political representation.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-50-70

 

P. 71    “The use of military force is usually a sign of weakness”. Conversation of Timur Jalilov with Aleksandr Stykalin about the problems of studying the Prague spring and August 1968 intervention in Czechoslovakia

Abstract. The subject of the conversation is the researches of the Prague Spring and the August 1968 intervention in Czechoslovakia, based on the archives sources.

Key words: Prague Spring, reforms of socialism, international crisis of 1968, August intervention of 1968 in Czechoslovakia, Soviet policy in Eastern Europe, Soviet-Czechoslovak relations, interblock relations, Brezhnev, Dubček, Husák, archival sources.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-71-95

 

P. 96     The “stormy sixties” opposed world order, where two imperialist centers divided spheres of influence and agreed to measure themselves only on the periphery. Conversation of Aleksandr Shubin with Aleksandr Stykalin about 1968 as a phenomenon of the world history

Abstract. The year 1968 as a phenomenon of world history and the relevance of its heritage and experience today is the subject of a conversation with the well-known historian and left-wing political thinker Alexander Shubin.

Key words: Prague Spring, August intervention of 1968 in Czechoslovakia, youth protest movement in the West, socialism reforms, civil society, bipolar system, prospects for socialism, prospects for democracy.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-96-112

 

P. 113     V. V. Damier. The “long 1968”: global revolt for self-governance

Abstract. Social protests that began in the late 1960s and are known in history as the “1968 revolt” swept many countries of the world, on both sides of the line that divided both opposing military-political blocs. They became the reaction of the working population and the youth to the crisis of the “welfare state” model, and the protesters tried more or less consciously to oppose it an alternative based on social self-governance. A new protest met resistance not only from the ruling elites and the establishment, but also from the traditional opposition parties and organizations. Although the fundamental goals of the «global 1968» have not been achieved, the forms, methods and ideas that emerged during this protest still influence the social protest movements of modern times.

Key words: «new social movements», protest, revolt, self-governance, students, «welfare state», youth.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-113-134

 

P. 135     A. S. Stykalin. “We have put an end to the Soviet system. 1968 changed us”. Reflections on the book about the response in the USSR to the suppression of the Prague Spring

Abstract. The book containing evidence of the reaction in its variety of Soviet citizens to the Prague Spring and the August 1968 intervention in Czechoslovakia is being reviewed.

Key words: Czechoslovakia, Prague Spring, the system of socialism, the Soviet bloc, intervention in Czechoslovakia in 1968, Brezhnev, Dubček, USSR foreign policy, public opinion in the era of socialism.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-135-152

 

National memory

The middle ages in the national memory

P. 153    A. I. Filyushkin. Medievalism: why do we need in the Middle ages today?

Abstract. In the middle of the XIX cent. arised a cultural phenomenon of mediaevalism. It is appealing to symbols and images of the Middle Ages for describing, interpreting and interpreting the phenomena and processes of a Modern and Contemporary Times. It manifests itself in all spheres of life and culture, from the decoration of household items and commercial advertising to high culture and art. In the paper the reasons of the reference to medieval subjects and images are considered. The author sees them primarily in the internal tendencies of the development of culture: the crisis of the temporal regime of modernity, the development of historical imagology, the digitalization of culture, the commercialization of culture, etc. The development of mediaevalism is also associated with the psychological need for a dream of a beautiful, wonderful, clean world and with political rhetoric, when medieval terms are used for the definition of modern political processes. The work was supported by the RNF, project 16-18-10080.

Key words: medievalism, modern, postmodern, temporal regime, historical imagology.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-153-162

 

P. 163    D. D. Kopaneva. Middle ages and russian videogame industry

Abstract. The article is focused on the analysis of Russian videogames that include elements of medievalism. Different development stages of this area of videogame industry are observed, beginning up from 1990’s until 2018. It’s concluded that we could divide these games into three categories: the first one contains games in classic medieval fantasy setting, the second — its Slavic version, and the third — historical medieval games with no or very little fantastical features. It is shown that videogames can be a very important instrument of presenting a country’s own history to the outside world, forming an image of itself not only for „the own” but also for „the others”. The article notices the influence of videogames on historical studies in the way of constructing through storytelling the attitude of players towards different historical events, ages and individuals.

Key words: medieval age, fantasy genre, Russian folklore, Rus’, videogames, medievalism, mass culture, modern art, history, Russian Federation.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-163-172

 

P. 173    E. A. Rostovtsev. Russia before Peter the Great in the genre of an online joke

Abstract. The modern anecdotes related to objects of memory of the pre-Petrine Russia which present in the network space are in the focus of the article. The role of Internet anecdotes in the formation of the memory space of Russian society, the jokes as tools for the policy of memory are explored. The importance of studying anecdotes within the framework of memorystudies is noted. Suggestions about anecdotes as markers of ideological construction of history are put forward. In particular, the anecdotes about Ivan the Terrible are analyzed as he is the earliest significant conflict object on the memory map of modern Russian society.

Key words: historical memory, medieval Rus, anecdotes, network resources, Ivan the Terrible.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-173-184

 

P. 185     A. V. Sirenov. On the phenomenon of urban aging in Russia of the post-Soviet period

Abstract. The paper is about falsifications of anniversary dates of Russian towns such as Vladimir, Belgorod, Kursk, Strarja Russa and Dubna. These towns were made more ancient in 19th and 20th centuries but the most active process of making the towns more and more old began in the post-Soviet period. The crucial part in the process belongs to false patriotism.

Key words: historical memory, anniversaries of cities, Oldrussian history.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-185-193

 

Actual problems of national memory of foreign countries: Italy

 

P. 194     “Italy is a country of cities and regions, and it seems to me that it is necessary to look at this not as a “weakness”, but as a resource”. Interview with Giovanni Savino

Abstract. The conversation with an Italian historian of new generation is focused on a wide range of problems of modern Italian historical memory.

Key words: Italy, historical memory, local memory, ancient heritage, Renaissance, Risorgimento, Garibaldi, Mussolini, Gramsci.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-194-206

 

P. 207      V. P. Lubin, N. G. Terekhova. Duce, Fascism and Historical Memory in Italy

Abstract. The authors consider the problem of interpreting the recent past by modern Italian political forces, Western historiography and journalism. The reason for posing the problem was the release on the National screens of the film about Mussolini „I returned” in early 2018.

Key words: Italian Fascism, Mussolini, Politics of the Past, Italian Historiography.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-207-223

 

P. 224      Guido Bartolini. The Italian memory of the invasion of the Soviet Union during the Second World War

Abstract. Despite the fact that Italy's contribution to the attack of the Soviet Union was significant, after World War II the Italian memory of this and other war campaigns fought by the Fascist Regime was marginalised in the national memory culture. Among these neglected war theatres the Eastern Front has been the one that received more attention: it constituted a matter of political disputes during the Cold War era and it has often been the subject of literary depiction. Yet the representation of this war campaign that was developed by postwar Italian culture was particular biased and uncritical. Structured around concepts that were drawn from Catholic culture and that were affected by the experience of defeat in the war, the memory of the Axis War conveyed to the Italians a series of self-absolving myths about their participation in World War II. A great number of historical works published in the last decade have exposed the limits of this memory discourse and might have paved the way to a renovation of the Italian memory of the „Russian campaign”.

Key words: World War II, Axis War, Operation Barbarossa, Retreat from Russia, Italian War narratives, Italian War Memory, Collective Memory, Vectors of Memory, 'Schematic narrative templates', Self-Victimisation, Heroic Defeat, 'Italiani Brava Gente', Self-absolution.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-224-241

 

«Russia is my history»: the network of historical parks

 

P. 242    V.A. Shnirelman. Russian history for the people-2. Exhibitions in the Moscow Manege about the Soviet and post-Soviet time

Abstract. The article analyzes two exhibitions on history of the USSR and Russia, which were demonstrated in the Moscow Manezh hall in November 2015 and November 2016. They were displayed within the project „Russia — my history” and, as earlier, took part under the auspicis of the Russian Orthodox Church. The first of them focused on history of the 20th century up to 1945, and the second one — on the following history up to 2016 г. In this case, professional historians took part in their organization, which resulted in less errors than earlier. Yet, the main approaches to a presentation of the past were, first, omissions and, second, an avoidence of any analysis. In general, exhibitions suffered of an eclectic bias, which blended imperial, Soviet and post-Soviet paradigms that caused controversies. Russia was presented as an exclusively ethnic Russian and Russian Orthodox country, as it was imagined by the Russian ethnic nationalists for long. All the exhibitions demonstrated a suspicious and hostile attitude towards the West and a fascination with a theory of conspiracy

Key words: World War II, Axis War, Operation Barbarossa, Retreat from Russia, Italian War narratives, Italian War Memory, Collective Memory, Vectors of Memory, 'Schematic narrative templates', Self-Victimisation, Heroic Defeat, 'Italiani Brava Gente', Self-absolution.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-242-272

 

P. 273   A.A. Gross. One Russia - two histories. Unexpected impressions of the Historical Park «Russia is my history» in Rostov-on-Don

Abstract. This is the review of the „regional part” of the „Russia — my history” historical park in Rostov-on-Don. In contrary to the „federal part”, the „regional part” presents ideologyless history of local events in the national history context. This history essentially differs from the etatist narrative of the „federal part” of the exhibition. Although the „regional part” is structured by certain narrative pattern, the way of speaking about the past in the “regional part” may rather be called anti-etatist.

Key words: Russia — my history, historical policy, historical memory, local history, working through the past.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-273-282

 

Museum as a place of memory

P. 283    V. S.Staf, V.A. Yakovenko. Representation of the Civil War in the South of Russia in the museums of the Rostov region

Abstract. The reflection of the events of the Civil War of 1918-1920 in the exposition of a number of historical museums of the Rostov Region is reviewed. Although this land has become one of the main centers of the emergence of anti-Bolshevik resistance in Russia, the expositions presented do not meet the contemporary level of analyze of the Civil War.

Key words: Civil war in Russia in 1918–1920, South of Russia, White movement, Cossacks, White emigration, A. I. Denikin, historical museums.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-283-292

 

Regional memory

P. 293    S.A. Panarin. Game in Four Hands or Creativity, Professionalism, Bureaucracy and Historical Memory: piece in two acts with open final

Abstract. In 19th century, William Carrick — the famous Petersburg photographer of Scottish origin — realized a unique project on portraying the ordinary inhabitants of the then Simbirsk gubernia. Being inspired by his famous predecessor, the contemporary celebrated Moscow photographer Leonid Lazarev produced in the same genre of photo portrait, but using the artistic means and techniques of nowadays, a new series of expressive people types from exactly those places in Ul’ianovsk oblast’ where Carrick photographed the first series. Unfortunately, the project by Lazarev did not win a financial support which was indispensable for it to be completed from the Ulianovsk officials who are responsible for culture there. The author of the article tries to understand how the regional bureaucratic mechanisms expose themselves in the realm of cultural projecting and creating, and what is an impact of the local bureaucracy historical memory (or, better to say, its ignorance) upon the process of realization of brilliant creative project. Simultaneously, the author wonders is there among the local officials assigned to the task of culture promotion an actual request for projects which would help to form a regional identity, as well as the analogous request for authentic art within the community of the local so called experts in the field of art.

Key words: Ulianovsk oblast’, William Carrick, Leonid Lazarev, photo project “People from the Land of Simbirsk”, bureaucracy, creation, historical memory.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-293-312

 

AS IT ACTUALLY WAS

P. 313    E.A. Nesterov. “Starostikha Vasilisa”: the formation of a patriotic myth from the age of the Patriotic War of 1812

Abstract. The article for the first time in the Russian scientific literature gives the historiographical review of the problem connected with the historical and cultural memory of the Patriotic War of 1812. It is devoted to legendary „Starostikha (the wife of the village headman) Vasilisa”. The article shows in details formation and mythologization of this image over the first century after the end of the War. The author comes to the conclusion that the „Starostikha Vasilisa” is a collective mythologized image of the national heroine, the defender of the Fatherland. This image was created by publicists and writers and used widely in the propaganda of the official-patriotic concept of the War of 1812.

Key words: Patriotic War of 1812, old-age Vasilisa, the formation of a patriotic myth, historical and cultural memory, historiography. 

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-313-331

 

 

REVIEWS

Generalizing studies

P. 332    I. E. Kochedykov. Other origins of totalitarianism. Rev.: Kolerov M. Totalitarizm. Russkaia programma dlia zapadnoi doktriny Moscow: Izdanie knizhnogo magazina Tsiolkovskii, 2018

Abstract. The study of the intellectual origins of the doctrine of totalitarianism in a dispute with some Western concepts is reviewed.

Key words: totalitarianism, the Soviet system, Russian emigration, the Cold War, libertarian theories.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-332-335

 

P. 336  A. G. Gotovtseva. The art of misunderstanding. Rev.: Balakin A.Iu. Blizko k tekstu: razyskaniia i predpolozheniia: [stat’i 1997–2017 godov]. St. Petersburg: OOO «Izdatel’stvo Pal’mira’, 2017 9 №4 2018

Abstract. The review examines A. Balakin's monograph paper „Close to text”, devoted to the Russian XIX-th century literature and journalism.

Key words: Pushkin, Voeikov, Dostoevsky, Yuri Kazakov, journalism, controversy.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-336-340

 

P. 341    A. G. Lozhkin. Rev.: Dedkov N.I., Bordiugov G.A., Shcherbakova E.I. i dr. Istoriia dlia ekonomistov. Integrirovannyi uchebnyi kompleks dlia studentov ekonomicheskikh spetsial’nostei vuzov Rossiiskoi Federatsii, pod red. A.D. Nekipelova i S.N. Katyrina. Moscow: AIRO-XXI, 2016–2018. Vol. 1. 928 p. Vol. 2. 1056 p., ill.

Abstract. A new history textbook for Russian students in economics is reviewed.

Key words: textbooks on history, the economic factor in the history of Russia, Russia in the world history, the natural factor in the history, Russia on the Eve Of the World War I, the Great depression, the colonial question.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-341-347

 

P. 348    A. R. Tomilin A new look at the military-political history of Russia. Rev.: Rossiia i Voina: Mezhdunarodnyi nauchnyi sbornik v chest’ 75-letiia Briusa Menninga. Russkii Sbornik. Vol. XXVI. Moscow, 2018

Abstract. The collection of articles on the anniversary of Bruce Manning, a prominent American specialist in the history of the Russian army is reviewed.

Key words: Russian Empire, Russian army, Russian foreign policy, Russian policy in the East, military reforms in Russia.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-348-352

 

The world

P. 353    B. S. Novoseltsev. Rev.: Pivovarenko A.A. Khorvatiia. Istoriia, politika, ideologiia. Konets XX — nachalo XXI veka. Moscow, 2018.

Abstract. The review is devoted to the monography of a young Balkanist scholar A. A.  Pivovarenko „Croatia. History, politics, ideology. The end of XX — the beginning of the XXI century”, published in 2018. It is a part of a new trend in the Russian Yugoslav studies — the transition from the problematic to the regional geographic approach to the study of the history of the region. The book will be of interest not only to specialists, but also to a wide circle of readers.

Key words: Croatia, A.  S.  Pivovarenko, F. Tudjman, the formation of statehood.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-353-357

 

P. 358   V. A. Solonari The moral dilemmas of one church. Rev.: Popa Ion. The Romanian Orthodox Church and the Holocaust. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2017, xi + 239 p.

Abstract. Ion Popa’s book focuses on the attitude of Romanian Orthodox Church towards the policy of persecution of Jews pursued by the Romanian governments in 1938-1944 as well as on the post-World War II successful efforts of the Church to have their less than honorable record expunged from public memory. The author shows that the Church largely supported anti-Semitic policy and never condemned violence against Jews whom they considered agents of „Judeo-communism.” After the war, benefitting from the communist regime’s willingness to close their eyes on the Church’s complicity in crimes against Jews in exchange for extending its support to the regime, the Church hierarchy succeeded in creating and spreading the false narrative of tolerant and welcoming Church in no need for atonement for the sins it did not commit. In the post-communist Romania, the Church relies on the resurgence of Romanian nationalism with whom it shares aversion to honest reckoning with painful national past to protect this false narrative from public scrutiny.

Key words: Romania, Persecution of Jews, World War II, Romanian Orthodox Church, public memory, false narrative.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-258-367

  

The Russian Empire

P. 368    A. S. Sheshnev. Activities of the Saratov Сity Duma in the field of landscape management. Rev.: Zaitsev M.V. Saratovskaia duma (1871–1917). Saratov: TekhnoDekor, 2017. 408 p.: il.

Abstract. The complex of economic issues, including the improvement of the city, was transferred to the functions of the local administration according to the City Statute of 1870. By the end of the XIX century Saratov as one of the most dynamically developing cities of the Russian Empire faced a lot of sanitary and hygienic problems. The geographer’s response to the book on the activities of the Saratov Сity Duma is offered to the attention of readers.

Key words: Saratov Сity Duma, urban landscape, local government.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-368-373

 

P. 374    M. V. Batshev. Russia through the eyes of the German expat of the late 18th century. Rev.: «U menia v Moskve est’ povod byt’ dovol’nym’. Perepiska Khristiana fon Shletsera s sem’ei. Zhiznennye miry universitariev, transfer znanii i kul’tury v Rossii nachala XIX veka, vvedenie kommentarii, obshchaia redaktsiia A. Kaplunovskogo; per. s nem. K. Levinsona. Moscow: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 2018. 576 p.: il. (Seriia «Istoriia nauki’)

Abstract. The edition of correspondence of Christian von Schlözer, German expert in law and economics, professor of the Moscow University is reviewed.

Key words: correspondence, Russian-German cultural ties, source studies, Moscow University.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-374-377

 

P. 378    V. A. Kitaev. Rev: Rossiiskii liberalizm: Idei i liudi, 3-e izd., ispr. i dop., pod obshch. red. A.A. Kara-Murzy. Vol. 1 (XVIII– XIX vv.). T. 2 (XX v.). Moscow: Novoe izdatel’stvo, 2018

Abstract. The two-volume edition containing portraits of prominent figures of Russian liberalism of the XVIII — XX centuries is reviewed.

Key words: Russia, liberalism, Christian liberalism, conservatism, socialism, revolution.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-378-388

 

URSS

P. 389    M. Yu. Nemtsev. From the kitchen to the square. Rev.: Vess’e S. Za nashu i vashu svobodu. Dissidentskoe dvizhenie v Rossii, per. s frants. E. Baevskoi, N. Kislovoi. N. Mavlevich. Moscow: NLO, 2015

Abstract. This book describes history of the dissident movement in the USSR, concentrating primarily on events and personal stories of its ‘pro-liberal’ and pro-Human rights fractions. In the review, special attention paid to the specificity and limitation of the author’s approach.

Key words: Dissidents, Dissident movement in the USSR, Human Rights activism in the USSR, Soviet Intelligentsia, ethics of citizen resistance, Alexander Solzhenitsyn.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-389-402

 

SELF-ORGANIZATION OF SCIENCE

P. 403    “It would be desirable to structure the field uniting researchers of the postsocialist memory, which would allow not only the accumulation of an infinite number of empirical cases, but also discussions regarding different research approaches”. Interview with Mikhail E. Gabovich

Abstract. Mischa Gabowitsch, historian and sociologist, talks about his academic career and current research projects on Soviet war memorials, commemorative practices, and the history of a village in South-Eastern Belarus. He also discusses the Working Group on Post-Socialist and Comparative Memory Studies within the Memory Studies Association and its plans for the MSA’s 2019 convention in Madrid and beyond.

Key words: history, sociology, war memorials, monuments, commemoration, memory, post-socialism, comparative history.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-403-410

 

HISTORY AT UNIVERSITIES

P. 411    N. P. Tanshina. Hello, School! About the School of Young Scientists in GAUGN (September 3–7, 2018, Moscow, GAUGN — IVI RAN)

Abstract. The article analyzes the activities of the International School of Young Scientists, which was held on September 3–7, 2018 in Moscow under the auspices of the State Academic University for the Humanities — Institute of World History of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The article focuses on the analysis of the most important problems of the French Revolution, the revolutionary and Napoleonic wars, raised in the framework of lectures by leading Russian and foreign historians, students' speeches, as well as the round table „War and Revolution in 1775–1918” debates.

Key words: School of Young Scientists, State Academic University for the Humanities, Institute of World History of the Russian Academy of Sciences, French Revolution, Napoleonic Wars.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-411-421

 

HISTORIAN’S TIME

Russians in the USA

 

P. 422    “If a person believes that it’s fundamentally important for his country to get rid of “outsiders”, then at some point he reconciles himself to the cruelty on the way to this goal”. Interview with V. A.Solonari

Abstract. Historian from Moldova, who has worked for a long time in one of the American universities, shares his life, political and research experience, and also talks about his creative plans.

Key words: the collapse of the USSR, Soviet Moldova, the Republic of Moldova, the Transnistrian conflict, nationalism, inter-ethnic contradictions, ethnic cleansing, American university life.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-422-439

 

P. 440    “I consider myself a man from here and feel at home in Russia”. Interview with Yu. L. Slezkin

Abstract. The Russian historian, who has been working for a long time at an American university, talks about his academic career and reflects on interethnic relations in the USSR, the experience of Soviet national politics, the Jewish question in the Soviet Union, and everyday life in the USSR in the Stalin era.

Key words: Soviet national policy, nationalism, inter-ethnic relations, the Jewish question in the USSR, the history of Stalinism, the Soviet everyday life.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-440-452

 

P. 453      “Everything is rather random in my academic life”. Interview with S. A. Ushakin

Abstract. The well-known expert in the history of culture and historical anthropology, who has worked for many years in one of the American universities, talks about his academic career and current research, comparing the traumatic experience of different generations of Soviet citizens.

Key words: historical and socio-cultural anthropology, historical memory, traumatic experience, the Soviet past, the Stalin period of Soviet history, the Chechen wars, American university life.

DOI 10.31754/2409-6105-2018-4-453-471

 

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