Content of the issue 1(18)/2019
Abstract. In the interview „Nationalism is a ‘normal’ component of public life and it would be naive to think that it can be cured as a disease” Marlene Laruelle tells why she chose Humanities and the field of Slavistics, observes her academic career and her activities as a PONARS co-director. Professor Laruelle points out that current ethnic nationalism is a part of such dangerous phenomenon as illiberalism, the discourse of Russian nationalism is more related to superpower than ethnicity and academics have to resist their involvement in propaganda in current situation of new „Cold war”. She tells about her academic plans as well.
Key words: Slavistics, PONARS, illiberalism, ethnic and superpower nationalism, academic activities and involvement in propaganda.
Abstract. Russia’s historical policy towards the centenary of 1917 was composed of several parallel strategies: diminishing the meaning of the event to avoid the head of state and other government figures having to take a stance; outsourcing commemorative events, with no pre-planned grand design; developing a reconciliatory narrative of the „Whites” and the „Reds”; and allowing other actors to promote a plurality of contradictory readings of the events. Yet the space left by the state’s refusal to commemorate 1917 has been taken over by the Church, which, as today’s most active engineer of Russia’s historical policy, promoted a very clear pro-Tsarist narrative best embodied by the multimedia historical park „Russia—my history” (Rossiya — moya istoriya).
Key words: Russia’s historical policy, the centenary of 1917, multimedia historical park “Russia — my history”.
Abstract. The publication is an attempt to restore the memory about Anatoly Mirkind (1921-1983). One of the best lecturers of Kishinev University lost his job under pressure from KGB in 1978. For that reason he could not find a new job. He did not get a permission to emigrate in Israel. In that desperate situation Mirkind committed a suicide. The publication includes three types of sources: 1) Records of discussions during the meetings of a historical faculty and entire University Academic councils and Communist party committees; 2) interviews of Mirkind’s daughter Victoria Libin and her husband Alexander Libin, Mirkind’s Moscow University classmate Ilia Kremer and Mirkind’s student Vladimir Polivtsev; 3) memoirs of a member-correspondent of RAS Pavel Ouvarov, who often met Mirkind when his mother worked in Moldova, and memoirs of Mirkind’s students Nikolay Babilunga and Vladimir Solonari.
Key words: collective memory, collective forgetting, communicative memory, cultural memory, Anatoly Mirkind, Kishinev University.
P. 64 Archival document
Abstract. V. Bespalova, the daughter of Alexander Bruskin, one of the organizers of the production of tractors in the USSR, recalls her life.
Key words: family memory, the era of Stalin, repressions of the late 1930s, industrialization in the USSR.
Abstract. The famous Russian musician Stas Namin (A. Mikoyan) shares memories of his grandfather, an outstanding Russian statesman A.I. Mikoyan.
Key words: family memory, A.I. Mikoyan, N. S. Khrushchev, the Stalin era, the „thaw” in the USSR, the XX Congress of the CPSU, the economic policy of the USSR, the foreign policy of the USSR, the era of stagnation in the USSR.
AS IT ACTUALLY WAS
Abstract. The article completes the historiographic study of the theme of Starostikha (the wife of the village headman) Vasilisa in Russian literature. The development of patriotic myth-making in Soviet literature, the transformation of the collective image of the legendary Starostikha in the concretized figure „wife of the village headman Vasilisa Kozhina” is shown. Focusing on the analysis of modern literature, the author raises the question of the need to overcome the inertia of the old stereotypes and myths, the problems that remain to be solved. Among the author’s versions there is a reasoned assumption that the portrait of “the partisan of 1812 Vasilisa Kozhina” is a fake made for the 100th anniversary of the war of 1812 and a comprehensive investigation of this portrait is necessary.
Key words: Patriotic War of 1812, Starostikha Vasilisa, Vasilisa Kozhina, patriotic myth-making, Soviet and post-Soviet historiography.
Abstract. This book review is dedicated to the collection of documents „Hetman P. Skoropadskyi. Ukraine is at a tipping point. 1918. The collection of documents. Moscow: Political encyclopedia, 2014”. The book includes 33 documents, divided in two chapters. The first chapter includes the memories of Hetman government members, the second chapter contains the documents of Ukrainian People Republic’s Supreme commission of inquiry, which was founded to investigate the activities of his regime after Skoropadskyi was overthrown. The review focuses on two introductory articles. The author of the first article — the Ukrainian historian, Doctor of Historical Sciences D. Tabachnik, the second one was prepared by Russian researchers — Doctor of Historical Sciences A. Artizov and Ph. D. O. Ivantsova.
Key words: Ukraine, The Ukrainian State, Pavlo Skoropadskyi, the Hetmanate, the Hetman, Russian Civil War 1918–1922, Ukrainian People's Republic.
P. 190 A.T. Bezarov. Brothers against their will. Rev.: Kappeler A. Nerivni brati. Ukrainci ta rosiyani vid seredn’ovichchya do suchasnosti / per. z nim. V. Kamyanec’. Chernivci: Knigi-HHI, 2018. 320 s.
Abstract. The review analyzes the monograph by A. Kappeler „Unequal brothers. The Ukrainians and Russians from the Middle Ages to contemporary time.” It was concluded that another book of the famous Austrian- Swiss historian translated into Ukrainian language allows rethinking the history of Russian-Ukrainian relations with the help of the „cross history” method proposed by the author.
Key words: history of Russian-Ukrainian relations, “cross history”, national history narrative, asymmetry of relations, Russia, Ukraine.
P. 202 S.S. Belyakov. Built Russia, and it turned out Ukraine. Rev.: Fedevych K.I., Fedevych K.K. For Faith, Tsar and Kobzar. Little Russian Monarchists and the Ukrainian National Movement 1909—1917. / Translation from the Russian by K. Demchuk. — Kyiv: Krytyka, 2017
Abstract. The reviewed study is devoted to the historical „symbiosis” of Russian monarchism and the Ukrainian national movement at the beginning of the 20th century.
Key words: Ukraine, nationalism, monarchism, the „Black hundred”, Taras Shevchenko.
Abstract. The article is devoted to the most important achievement of postYugoslav historiography, the collective monograph „Yugoslavia in historical perspective” (Belgrade, 2017.), which is the offspring of the 16 authors representing the history schools of all its former republics and two autonomous regions. The diversity of interpretations is an attribute of the Yugoslav history. So each period should be addressed with differently formulated research questions. This approach is possible only within the framework of representative multinational collective projects that provide a dialogue of historians. As a result, we have acquired a comprehensive picture of Yugoslavia, without which neither its two disintegration nor its revival after the World war II can be conceived. Of all the periods of Yugoslav history covered in the monograph, we have focused on the interwar period.
Key words: World War I, Serbia, the formation of Yugoslavia, royal Yugoslavia, Serbo-Croat relations, inter-ethnic contradictions in the Balkans, World War II.
The Russian Empire
P. 224 A.A. Teslya. Schlözer, the son of Schlözer: the letters from Russia. Rev.: “U menia v Moskve est’ povod byt’ dovol’nym”. Perepiska Khristiana fon Shletsera s sem’ei. Zhiznennye miry universitariev, transfer znanii i kul’tury v Rossii nachala XIX veka, vvedenie kommentarii, obshchaia redaktsiia A. Kaplunovskogo; per. s nem. K. Levinsona. Moscow: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 2018. 576 p.: il. (Seriia “Istoriia nauki”)
Abstract. The edition of correspondence of Christian von Schlzer, German expert in law and economics, professor of the Moscow University is reviewed.
Key words: correspondence, Russian-German cultural ties, source studies, Moscow University.
P. 230 E. P. Serapionova. Rev.: Inostrancev M. A. Vospominaniya. Konec imperii, revolyuciya i nachalo bol’shevizma / Pod red. d.i.n. A.V. Ganina. M., 2017. 928 p.
Abstract. The review of memoirs of the professor of the Nicholas military academy general M.A. Inostrantsev devoted, first of all, to the events of World war I and Russian Civil war.
Key words: Russian revolution, Russian Civil war, Russian military emigration, general M.A. Inostrantsev, memories.
Abstract. In article it is told about methods and approaches of the modern Russian historians and publicists researching life and reign of the last Russian emperor. The author shows how political and ideological involvement can influence campaigns to a subject (first of all at those historians who call Nicholas II „tsar-propitiator”). Analyzing the works published in recent years about Nicholas II, the author shows, as in the 21st century history of the last Russian autocrat — a subject not only scientific (and pseudo-scientific) discussions, but also the subject forcing to think of the place of morals in history.
Key words: Nicholas II, Alexandra Fyodorovna, tsar family, Gregory Rasputin, The History of Russia, Monarchical statehood, Autocracy, Communist ideology, The Yekaterinburg murder.
P. 271 T.A. Mukhamatulin. Countries, animals and Soviet society. Rev.: Golubev A.V. «Podlinnyi lik zagranicy»: Obraz vneshnego mira v sovetskoi politicheskoi karikature, 1922–1941 gg. M.-Spb.: Centr gumanitarnyh iniciativ, 2018). 282 p.
Abstract. The book by A.V. Golubev is reviewed, dedicated to the history of the Soviet foreign policy cartoons in the interwar period. Its author has done a great job, describing and assessing dozens of caricatures. The author has formulated several theses about the features of the Soviet caricature that I would like to develop. Nevertheless, the book would have won if its structure were more uniform, and the main thesis more clear.
Key words: review, caricature, Soviet society of the interwar period, images of the outside world, press, propaganda.
P. 276 V.P. Lyubin. Rev.: Uroki Oktyabrya i praktiki sovetskoi sistemy, 1920- 1950-e gody. Materialy 10 mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferencii. Moskva, 5–7 dekabrya 2017 g. M.: Politicheskaya enciklopediya; Prezidentskii centr B.N. El’cina, 2018. 919 p.
Abstract. The review reflects the main points of the reports of a number of Russian and foreign researchers at the international scientific conference on Soviet history of 1920–1950.
Key words: The October Revolution of 1917 and the world, the Soviet state, the party, the nomenclature, ideology, Stalin and repressions, confessional policy, culture, nationalities, everyday life, international relations.
Abstract. The author of a monograph paper on the history of state secret keeping in the USSR responds to his critic.
Key words: archival storage, secrecy, state secrets, state security, broader access to documents.
Abstract. The fate of Soviet prisoners that were captured by the Wehrmacht remains an understudied aspect of the history of World War Two and a „white spot” in the historical memory both in Russia and Germany. The Russian-German international conference „Soviet Prisoners of War. Resistance. Kollaboration. Memory”, which took place in Novosibirsk in October 2018, provided a platform for professional scentific debate for experts from universities, memorial centers and archives from both countries. A broad range of isssues regarding Soviet POW was discussed, starting from resistance in the camps and collaboration through to methods of filtration and historical memory. Addditionally, the exibition „Captivity and homecoming” was opened and a the documentary “War and another world” about Soviet citizens of Armenian nationality who successfully evaded repatriation after the war was screened.
Key words: Soviet prisoners of war, history of World War Two, history of the Great Patriotic War, resistance, collaboration, repatriation, filtration, historical memory.